Force Marriage

Forced Marriage Violence:

Section 356(1) of the Cameroon Penal Code (CPC) states that whoever forces anyone to marry shall  be punished with imprisonment for from 5 to 10 years and a fine of from 25000 to 1000,000FCFA.

In section 356(2) where the victim is under 18 years the punishment may not be less than 12 years of imprisonment.

Section 356(3) states that whoever gives a girl under 14 years shall receive the same punishment as prescribed above.

Section 341 states that any person whose conduct has the result of depriving a child  of the eveidence of his true parentage shall bepunished with imprisonment for from five(5) to ten(10) years.

INTERNATIONAL PROVISIONS:

These provisions are recognized by Article 7 of the International Convention on Economic, Social and Cultural (ICESCR) which states that betrothal marriage of a child shall have no legal effect and Article 21 of the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child (ACRWC) which states that child marriage and the betrothal of girls and boys shall be prohibited and effective action including legislation shall be taken to specify the minimum age of marriage to be 18 years. Registration of all marriages in an official registry is compulsory. Finally, Article 6(a) of the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights on the Rights of Women (ACHPRW) states that no marriage shall take place without the full consent of both parties.